Myt: islamister bakom all terrorism

Nu för tiden debatteras det mycket om huruvida våldsbejakande islamister ligger bakom det mesta av terrorismen eller inte. Det blir lätt antingen eller – svart och vitt – då man diskuterar detta, som om man antingen måste överdriva eller spela ner de våldsbejakande terroristernas våldsdåd.

Verkligheten är lite mer komplex. Tittar man på antalet terrordåd slås man av hur pass många dåd som begås av våldsbejakande islamister, speciellt dåd med dödlig utgång. Men över tid har terrorism utförts av många, många fler.

Om man tittar på antalet terroristattacker under åren så blir bilden mer komplex. Det finns en bra lista på Johnstonarchive, där attacker mot USA finns listade. Där hittar vi vänsterextremister från Puerto Rico, högerextremistiska radikala sionistiska sekter, miljöterrorister etc. Listan är lång om man kikar på den.

Här är listan för 2014 (islm står för radikal islamism)

2 Apr 2014 Fort Hood, Texas 4 16 CRI shooting attack on Fort Hood; 3 killed, 16 injured; in addition the gunman killed himself
13 Apr 2014 Overland Park, Kansas 3 0 TER-right shooting attack at a Jewish community center and Jewish retirement home; 3 killed, including one teenager
27 Apr 2014 Skyway, Washington 1 0 TER-islm shooting attack killed 1
1 Jun 2014 Seattle, Washington 2 0 TER-islm shooting attack near night club killed 2
8 Jun 2014 Las Vegas, Nevada 5 0 TER-right shooting attack at restaurant and store; 3 killed, including 2 police officers; both shooters killed themselves
25 Jun 2014 East Orange, New Jersey 1 0 TER-islm shooting attack killed 1 teenager
12 Sep 2014 Blooming Grove, Pennsylvania 1 1 TER-right shooting attack on police officers; shooter evaded a manhunt in nearby woods until 30 Oct
25 Sep 2014 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 1 2 TER-islm knife attack at food processing plant killed 1, injured 1; attacker was shot and injured
23 Oct 2014 New York City, New York 1 3 TER-islm axe attack on police officers injured 2, one severely; police shot and killed the attacker and injured one bystander
28 Nov 2014 Austin, Texas 1 0 TER? shots fired at Mexican consulate, US courthouse, and police station during early morning hours; failed attempt at arson at consulate; attacker was shot at by police
21 Dec 2014 New York City, New York 3 0 TER shooting attack killed two police officers, gunman shot and killed himself

Men vi kan kika på några utdrag bakåt i tiden. Unabombaren, Bhadwan Shree Rajneesh, kristna fundamentalister och nazister 1985:

18 Jul 1984 Denver, Colorado 1 0 TER-right Alan Berg killed by white supremacists
29 Aug 1984 The Dalles, Oregon 0 2 TER-rel followers of Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh use water to infect two officials with salmonella; both sickened, one hospitalized
9-19 Sep 1984 The Dalles, Oregon 0 751 TER-rel salmonella poisoning in restaurants by followers of Bhadwan Shree Rajneesh
7 Dec 1984 Whidbey Island, Washington 1 0 TER-right Robert Matthews, leader of The Order, a right-wing group, killed in raid by federal agents
25 Dec 1984 Pensacola, Florida 0 0 TER-right three abortion clinics bombed
1 Apr 1985 New York City, New York 0 0 THW letter writer threatens to contaminate New York City’s water reservoirs with plutonium unless charges against Bernhard Goetz are dropped; testing was announced to have detected femtocurie levels of plutonium in the water on 26 July
13 May 1985 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 11 0 CRI police assault on headquarters of radical black group Move starts fire
15 May 1985 Berkeley, California 0 1 TER-unab mail bomb injures student at University of California
15 Aug 1985 Paterson, New Jersey 0 1 TER Tscherim Soobzokov, alleged Nazi war criminal, injured by bombing possibly linked to JDL; died 6 Sep
11 Oct 1985 Santa Ana, California 1 0 TER Alex Odah, officer of American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, killed by bombing possibly linked to JDL
15 Nov 1985 Ann Arbor, Michigan 0 2 TER-unab bombing injures two
11 Dec 1985 Sacramento, California 1 0 TER-unab Unabomber bomb kills Hugh Scrutton, a computer store owner, with bomb in paper bag behind store
16 May 1986 Cokeville, Wyoming 2 79 TER-right two Aryan Nation members take 150 students and teachers hostage at an elementary school; bomb accidentally explodes, killing one terrorist and injuring many children; second terrorist commits suicide

1975 pratade en del om den farliga katolska terrorn mot USA, men också om kroater och vänsterextrema från Puerto Rico. Lägg märke till tre attentatsförsök mot presidenten i USA.

6 Aug 1974 Los Angeles, California 3 35 TER bomb explodes in locker at airport, later attributed to the Alphabet Bomber
21 Aug 1974 Los Angeles, California 0 0 THW Alphabet Bomber, having threatened to kill the President with nerve gas, arrested with all but one of necessary components
11 Dec 1974 East Harlem, New York 0 1 TER-natl FALN bombing injures police officer
24 Jan 1975 New York City, New York 4 63 TER-natl FALN bombing of Fraunces Tavern in Wall Street
29 Jan 1975 Washington, DC 0 0 TER-left Weather Underground bombing of U.S. State Department
5 Sep 1975 Sacramento, California 0 0 THW Secret Service agent prevents Lynette Fromme, a Charles Manson follower, from shooting President Gerald Ford
22 Sep 1975 San Francisco, California 0 0 THW President Gerald Ford unharmed in assassination attempt by Sara Jane Moore, a political activist
29 Dec 1975 New York City, New York 11 75 TER-natl bomb explodes in locker at La Guardia Airport; Croatian nationalists suspected

För att bekämpa myten att ”de flesta terrorister är muslimer”, kan man kika på den listan. Den kan läsas i sin helhet här.

Det finns redskap på nätet för att se hur det står till även i andra länder. Global Terrorism Database har en bra lista. Man kan kika på antalet dåd som registrerats som terrorism i t ex VästeuropaStorbritannien, Italien och Tyskland fram till 2013.

Alltså, ja, våldsbejakande islamism är ett stort hot idag och dominerar listorna på större terrorbrott. Men, nej, det är inte den som står för all terror i världen.

911